Electrolytes are substances in the human body and their balance is crucial for normal function of the cells as well as the organs. Electrolytes have important functions in human organism:

Magnesium is needed for more than 300 biochemical reactions in the organism, including it helps in muscle contraction, supports proper heart rhythm, assists the function of the nerves, lowers anxiety, helps the process of digestion, promotes bone strength and has important role in balancing the protein fluid;

Sodium assists the nerve signaling, muscle contractions and in same time is in charge for maintenance of the fluid balance;

Calcium prevents formation of blood clots and blood clotting, it is involved in formation and maintains the bones and teeth healthy and also helps muscle contraction and cell division;

Chloride maintains the fluid balance;

Potassium promotes the proper function of the muscles and also is responsible for regulation of blood pressure and heart contractions.

There are many different causes for electrolyte imbalance, and the most common are:

  • Unhealthy diet
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Improper absorption of food nutrients
  • Chemotherapy treatments
  • Use of antibiotics
  • Kidney damage or disease
  • Sickness
  • Medications

The most common symptoms that indicate electrolyte imbalance are:


  • Muscle aches, spasms, twitches, and weakness;
  • Thirst;
  • Fever;
  • Irregular heartbeats or heart palpitations;
  • Anxiety;
  • Frequent headaches;
  • Joint pain and numbness;
  • Restlessness;
  • Irregular blood pressure;
  • Fluctuations in weight and appetite;
  • Fatigue (chronic fatigue symptom)
  • Bones problems;
  • Difficulties concentrating and an overall confusion;
  • Dizziness, particularly when standing up suddenly;
  • Cramps, constipation or diarrhea;

If you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms you need to visit a medical expert and make some tests. In order to check your electrolyte levels and discover the cause of the irregularities, you should make blood and urine tests and do an EKG test.

When the electrolyte levels are outside the normal values, the doctor will diagnose an electrolyte deficiency.

Medical experts estimated that these are the normal levels:

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