Different types of scars leave us unpleasant memories of injury or surgical procedure.
Each scar, regardless of the size and the place represents the aesthetic, cosmetic and psychological problem which is the most difficult to cope with.
We all heard of scars or have one but did you even know that we have different scar types?
Every scar has its features and specific treatment that you should know about to treat your scar in the right way.
All scars are the consequence of an injury that affects skin look. We could have an accident or surgery that damaged our skin and scars appeared. Scars can also occur due to small injuries like acne.
Different Types of Scars and Scarring Tissue Repair
It is crucial to know your scar type before you start to heal it. Learn about each one and find the right treatment for you.
Keloid Scars and Hypertrophic Scarring
Keloid and hypertrophic scarring are the results of non-ideal wound healing. the We know that they arise as a result of excessive production of extracellular matrix and dermal fibroblasts with high mitotic activity on wound healing.
Large scars are primarily aesthetic disturbance for the patient. Disturbances of function, pain and psychosocial problems associated especially with frequent recurrences due to unsuccessful treatment occur rarely.
The exact pathogenesis of the keloids formation is not known. The incidence is inherited; they are more often in Blacks, Hispanics, and Asian.
Because of skin damage (wound, piercing, infections, surgical wounds, shave), they spontaneously occur in susceptible individuals to hyperproliferation of fibroblasts, which clinically manifest as keloid scars.
Hypertrophic scars are difficult to distinguish from keloids, especially in the development stage. In most cases, the difference is only in the fact that this type of scar doesn’t spread beyond the boundaries of the scar in contrast to keloids scars.
The treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids is similar but the treatment of hypertrophic scars is less frequent as in keloids. Therefore, it is very important to correctly distinguish between hypertrophic scar and keloid, which is often difficult for the patient to recognize.
You can heal keloid scars if we use next methods for scar treatment individually or in a combination of:
- Laser treatment
- Cover with silicone pads
- Applying a mechanical pressure on the keloid
- Intralesionally corticosteroid injection
- Classical excision with a scalpel
- Intralesionally injection of interferon alpha
- Intralesionally injection (blockers of the calcium pump) verapamil